Cairo:-the capital of Egypt since 969AD ,when the Fatimi arrived,they built it to be the capital of their throne and they call it Al Qahera which is mean the Victorious,the total population of cairo is 22 million live on 1500KM square  ,Cairo is a city where ancient and modern are intertwined as well as the Pyramids,the Sphinx at Giza and the fabulous Egyptian Museum,there are early Christian churches and Ottoman and Mamluk mosques.
The old souqs,alleys and houses are clustered together with modern five-star hotels, shopping malls,restaurants, cinemas and theatres.